Om Namah Shivaya

Om Namah Shivaya

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Mar 26, 2013

Renga - A Verse Every Day; Collaborative Poetry HaikuTea

A Verse Every Day - Collaborative short verses of three lines to be called HaikuTea

Within a Google group, I am moderating a Haiku Group Some of the friends there, suggested a great idea to start collaborative short verses within the members of group, hence this post to give a little back ground on the ‘Collaborative poetry’.

If anyone would like to participate in this collaborative poetry at Haiku Group at Google Plus, please leave a comment below with your Google Plus ID, so that I can invite you to the “HaikuTea”. Please read the rules, given at the end of the post, carefully to participate.

Renga (collaborative poetry) is a genre of Japanese collaborative poetry. A renga consists of at least two ku or stanzas. The opening stanza of the renga, called the hokku, became the basis for the modern haiku form of poetry.

Traditional renga was a group activity in which each participant displayed his wit by spontaneously composing a verse in response to the verse that came before; the more interesting the relationship between the two verses the more impressive the poet’s ability. The links between verses could range from vulgar to artistic, but as renga was taken up by skilled poets and developed into a set form, the vulgarity of its early days came to be ignored.

Renga was one of the most important literary arts in pre-modern Japan. The earliest surviving renga is in the Man'yōshū, where Ōtomo no Yakamochi and a Buddhist nun made and exchanged poems with sound unit counts of 5-7-5 and 7-7. This two-verse style is called tan-renga ("short renga"). Other styles are called chō-renga ("long renga").

Two of the most famous masters of renga were the Buddhist priest Sōgi (1421–1502) and Matsuo Bashō (1644–1694).

The first stanza of the renga chain, is called hokku.

Hokku (lit. "starting verse") is the opening stanza of a Japanese orthodox collaborative linked poem, renga, or of its later derivative, renku (haikai no renga). From the time of Matsuo Bashō (1644–1694), the hokku began to appear as an independent poem, and was also incorporated in haibun (in combination with prose), and haiga (in combination with a painting). In the late 19th century, Masaoka Shiki(1867–1902), renamed the stand-alone hokku to haiku, and the latter term is now generally applied retrospectively to all hokku appearing independently of renku or renga, irrespective of when they were written. The term hokku continues to be used in its original sense, as the opening verse of a linked poem)

Hokku is the forebear of the modern haiku. The stand-alone hokku was renamed haiku in the Meiji period by the great Japanese poet and critic Masaoka Shiki. Shiki proposed haiku as an abbreviation of the phrase "haikai no ku" meaning a verse of haikai.

Renku ("linked verses") is a Japanese form of popular collaborative linked verse poetry. It is a development of the older Japanese poetic tradition of ushin renga, or orthodox collaborative linked verse. At renku gatherings participating poets take turns providing alternating verses of 17 and 14 morae [(a mora is “something of which a long syllable consists of two and a short syllable consists of one.”-American linguist James D. McCawley in 1968) The term comes from the Latin word for “linger, delay”, which was also used to translate the Greek word chronos (time) in its metrical sense)]. Initially haikai no renga distinguished itself through vulgarity and coarseness of wit, before growing into a legitimate artistic tradition, and eventually giving birth to the haiku form of Japanese poetry. The term renku gained currency after 1904, when Kyoshi Takahama started to use it.
The oldest known collection of haikai linked verse appears in the first imperial anthology of renga, the Tsukubashū (1356-57).

During the last decades, the practice of renku has spread beyond Japan and established itself as a legitimate genre in English and in numerous languages around the world; the Global Renku Symposium, meeting in Tokyo in 2000, featured renku poets from USA, Romania, China, Russia, Australia, and Korea, as well as Japan. With the growth of the internet and of electronic communications, international renku collaborations have grown in popularity, including the previously mentioned countries as well as renku in French, Croatian, German, Italian, Afrikaans, and Esperanto. Sometimes, renku are composed simultaneously in two or more languages.

Renshi is a form of collaborative poetry pioneered by Makoto Ooka in the 1980s. It is a development of traditional Japanese renga and renku, but unlike these it does not adhere to traditional strictures on length, rhythm, and diction. Renshi are typically composed by a group of Japanese and foreign poets collaborating in the writing process in sessions lasting several days. In addition to Ooka, poets who have participated in renshi include James LasdunCharles TomlinsonHiromi ItōShuntarō TanikawaJerome RothenbergJoseph StantonWing Tek LumKarin Kiwus and Mikiro Sasaki.

Text Curtsy Wikipedia as linked on the topics
This is not an exhaustive report on the Collaborative Poetry, I have tried to give most of the links here to understand the form. Hope you have enjoyed this post.

To participate in this collaborative poetry at the Google Plus, please read the simple rules below…

1)    This is invite only effort, so you need to get invited. So leave a comment below to be invited.
2)    You will have to have a Google Plus account and have to be a member of the Group Haiku at Google Plus
3)    Once you are invited, you will be given a chronicle order, on the basis of your joining. You will have to write your linked verse, after a particular member which will be listed out on the HaikuTea page at the group.
4)    At your turn you will have to write within 24 hours your own linked verse.
5)    The linked verse have to have the first line as the last line of the previous linked verse and rest of the two lines you will have to create on your own.
6)    You will have to follow the short form of poetry, preferably in the 5-7-5 Syllable format.
7)    If, for any reason, you are not able to write your own verse within 24 hours, the next person in the order will be free to write his / her own verse, within 24 hours… and so on.
8)    Each HaikuTea linked verses will go on till every member of the group has finished writing one of his/her own or if the linked verse has gone beyond 100 linked verses or a particular time limit which will be decided by the moderator of the HaikuTea.
Look forward to your joining in the team…. Please click here to join HaikuTea....

Let me know if you have any questions.


 नमः शिवाय
Om Namah Shivaya

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